The western coast is Italian, while the eastern coast runs mostly along with Croatia, but lesser parts belong to Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Albania. Major rivers joining the Adriatic are the Reno, Po, Adige, Brenta, Piave, Soca (Isonzo), Neretva. The Adriatic Sea is situated largely between the eastern coast of Italy and Croatia.
The Adriatic extends northwest from 40° to 45° 45′ N., with an extreme length of about 770 km. The northern part of the Adriatic sea is very shallow, and between the southern promontories of Istria and Rimini, the depth rarely exceeds 46 meters. Between Šibenik and Ortona a well-marked depression occurs, a considerable area of which exceeds 180 m in depth.
From a point between Korcula island and the north shore of the spur of Monte Gargano, there is a ridge giving shallower water, and a broken chain of a few islets extends across the sea.
The deepest part of the sea lies east of Monte Gargano, south of Dubrovnik, and west of Durrës where a large basin gives depths of 900 m and upwards, and a small area in the south of this basin falls below 1,460 m. The mean depth of the sea is estimated at 240 m.
Coasts and islands in the Adriatic:
The west shore is generally low, merging, in the northwest, into the marshes and lagoons on either hand of the protruding delta of the river Po, the sediment of which has pushed forward the coastline for several miles within historic times.
The islands, which are long and narrow (the long axis lying parallel with the coast of the mainland), rise rather abruptly to elevations of a few hundred feet, with the exception of a few larger islands like Brac (Vidova Gora, 778 m) or the peninsula Pelješac (St. Ilija, 961 m). There are over a thousand islands in the Adriatic, 66 of which are inhabited. Both coasts are popular tourist destinations and many consider this sea the most beautiful in the world. Have a look at a live web camera overlooking the north part of the Adriatic Sea.
The Adriatic Sea in different languages:
- Croatian: Jadransko more
- Italian: Mare Adriatico
- Albanian: Deti Adriatik
- Slovenian: Jadransko morje
Croatian Adriatic Coast
Croatian coast is a large part of the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea. It consists of the coastal part of the Istrian Peninsula (Istra), Kvarner Gulf, and Dalmatia (Dalmacija). Dalmatian coast spreads between the island of Rab in the northwest and Privlaka on the Croatian border with Montenegro, in the southeast. The main places along Croatian Coast are Pula, Rijeka, Zadar, Sibenik, Split, and Dubrovnik.
The Croatian Coast, which is generally bold and rocky and well known for its crystal clear seawater, consists of hundreds of islands, 66 of which are inhabited. The most popular islands along the coast are Brijuni, Krk, Cres, Losinj, Rab, Pag, Dugi Otok, Kornati, Brac, Hvar, Korcula, Mljet. The island of Cres is the largest island along the coast, slightly larger than nearby Krk.
The beaches along the Croatian coast are mostly pebble and rocky, while some of them are sandy. Croatian rivers joining the Adriatic sea from the Croatian coast include Zrmanja, Krka, Cetina, and Neretva.